If you have been injured due to someone else’s negligence, you may have a personal injury claim. Whether it was an individual or an organization that was at fault, you may be able to sue them for compensation for what you lost due to the injury. The amount of compensation in a personal injury lawsuit is called damages, and there are several types that you may be entitled to.
Most of the types of damages that a plaintiff can sue for in a personal injury case are considered compensatory. That means that their purpose is to compensate the injured party for what he or she lost due to the injury. Damages awarded in a personal injury lawsuit are meant to make the plaintiff “whole” again from a financial standpoint. That means that an attempt has to be made to monetarily quantify the consequences of the injury. Some damages are easily quantified because they are already assigned a dollar amount like medical bills and lost wages. It’s much more difficult to place a dollar amount on other damages, such as pain and suffering.
The following is a list of different types of damages that are the most common in personal injury lawsuits:
In personal injury cases, pain and suffering can be simplified into two categories: physical and mental.
Physical pain and suffering is the actual bodily pain that the plaintiff suffers due to his or her injury. It includes the pain and discomfort the plaintiff has suffered since the injury, as well as any physical pain that is expected in the future.
Mental pain and suffering can also be caused by a personal injury due to the defendant’s negligence. It may include things like emotional distress, mental anguish, fear, anger, insomnia, appetite changes, anxiety, shock, humiliation, and loss of enjoyment of life. It can also include mental disorders caused by the event like depression, generalized anxiety disorder, and even posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Basically, mental pain and suffering is any kind of negative emotion or psychological issue that a plaintiff goes through as a result of his or her injury.
Like physical pain and suffering, mental pain and suffering include the negative effects to date as well as what may be expected in the future.
The court doesn’t provide the juries of personal injury lawsuits with many guidelines for deciding the value of a plaintiff’s pain and suffering. There are no set amounts for specific types of pain and suffering that juries can refer to. Instead, in most states, the judge typically instructs the jury to use its good sense, background, and experience when determining a fair and reasonable amount to award the plaintiff for his or her pain and suffering.
However, there are some factors that play into a jury’s determination of the value of a plaintiff’s pain and suffering. Some include:
If you or a loved one has been catastrophically injured and someone else was at fault, you may be entitled to the damages listed above. At Ross Feller Casey, we have a history of winning large awards for our clients, including for the pain and suffering they have endured and will endure. Contact us today for a free case evaluation so that I or one of our other expert personal injury attorneys can help you get what you are entitled to under law.
Disclaimer: Ross Feller Casey, LLP provides legal advice only after an attorney-client relationship is formed. Our website is an introduction to the firm and does not create a relationship between our attorneys and clients. An attorney-client relationship is formed only after a written agreement is signed by the client and the firm. Because every case is unique, the description of awards and summary of cases successfully handled are not intended to imply or guarantee that same success in other cases. Ross Feller Casey, LLP represents catastrophically injured persons and their families in injury and wrongful death cases, providing legal representation in Pennsylvania and New Jersey.